Dr Bhanot's Malay-English Cyber-Dictionary
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J


jaat
a kind of bean




jabal
(1) mountain (2) rob




jabang
baby




jabar
almighty (for God)




jabarut
sphere attained by the mystic




jabat
shake hands (in greeting)

sejabat: colleague
jabatan: department
berjabat: to shake hands (in greeting)
menjabat: to occupy a post
pejabat: office




jabel
nab




jabhati
determination




jabil
sac; pouch; small cloth purse




jabing
prominent or large (of ears)




jabu
billowy (of dust, smoke, etc)




jabun
billowy (of dense foliage)




jabung
glue; resin




jabur
mixed up; psalm




jadah
bastard




jadam
a kind of medicine




jadar
a kind of plant




jadi
make; happen; become; be born

jadi-jadian: apparition
menjadi: to become
menjadikan: to make; to cause; to create
kejadian: incident; happening
terjadi: happened
jadi-nya: so; therefore
jadilah: thus




jadual
programme; schedule; list; table

menjadualkan: to schedule
penjadualan: scheduling




jae
ginger




jaga
be awake; be alert; guard; take care of

jagaan: custody; care; charge; supervision
berjaga: to guard
berjaga-jaga: to be on guard; to be careful; to be alert
menjaga: to look after
penjaga: watchman; guardian; caretaker
penjagaan: care; supervision
terjaga: woke up
jagabaya: village-police




jagal
(1 )deal in small wares (2) slaughter (as a butcher)

jagalan: small wares; merchandise




jagang
shore




jagat
(1) world; universe (2) blackhead; blemish

sejagat: worldwide; universal




jagoan
fighting cock; champion; candidate




jaguh
champion




jagung
maize; corn




jagur
robust; burly




jah
respect; honour




jahanam
destroy; ruin; hell; scoundrel

menjahanamkan: to wreck; to destroy; to ruin




jahang
(1) to abuse angrily (2) dark red




jahar
aloud




jaharu
low-class scoundrel; pariah




jahat
bad; evil; immoral

kejahatan: badness; wickedness
penjahat: villain
sejahat-jahat: however bad




jahi
ginger




jahid
ascetic




jahil
ignorant; stupid; uneducated

kejahilan: ignorance




jahim
blazing (of hell)




jahit
sew or stitch

menjahit: to sew or stitch
tukang jahit: tailor
jahit-menjahit: needlework
menjahitkan: to sew something




Jahudi
Jew




jail
(1) rod with noose of fibre (2) sneaky; nagging




jais
unreceptive; inattentive




jaiz
lawful or permitted (of Muslims)




jaja
hawk; peddle goods

berjaja: to hawk; to peddle goods
menjaja: to hawk; to peddle
penjaja: hawker




jajah
colonise

menjajah: to colonise
jajahan: colony; district
penjajah: coloniser; colonialist
penjajahan: colonialism




jajal
try or attempt




jajan
buy sweets




jajar
parallel; on same level; row or line

berjajar: in a row; next to each other
sejajar: parallel; in line with; in alignment




jajat
mimic




jaksa
judicial officer; justice




jala
fishing net

jala-jala: hairnet
menjala: to fish with cast net
penjala: fisherman




jalad
executioner




jalan
(1) road; street; way; route (2) walk

berjalan: to walk
berjalan-jalan: to take a walk
menjalani: to undergo
menjalankan: to perform; to carry out
pejalan kaki: pedestrian
perjalanan: journey




jalar
creep

menjalar: to creep; to crawl




jalin
plait; braid

menjalin: to plait; to braid; to establish
menjalinkan: to establish a relationship
terjalin: woven; plaited; established




jalur
stripe; strip

jaluran: stripe
berjalur-jalur: striped




jam
clock; watch; hour

berjam-jam: for hours




Jamadilakhir
sixth month of the Muslim calendar




Jamadilawal
fifth month of the Muslim calendar




jamah
touch; taste; eat in small amounts

menjamah: to touch; to taste; to eat in small amounts




jamak
plural (in grammar)




jambak
bunch of flowers; bouquet; compliment




jamban
latrine; toilet; lavatory




jambang
(1) sideburns (2) flowers arranged in a vase

jambangan: flowers arranged in a vase




jambat
bridge

jambatan: bridge




jambu
guava




jambul
crest; tuft on head; plume on helmet




jamin
guarantee; promise

jaminan: a guarantee
menjamin: to guarantee
terjamin: guaranteed
penjamin: guarantor




jampi
incantation; magic spell




jampuk
owl




jamu
(1) herbal medicine (2) feast

jamuan: a feast; party; reception
berjamu: to feast
menjamu: to feast; to entertain




jana
life

janakuasa: generator
menjanakan: to generate
penjana: generator
penjanaan: generation of energy




janda
a widow

janda berhias: childless widow
menjanda: to be a widow




jangan
don't

jangan-jangan: maybe
jangankan: let alone




janggal
awkward

kejanggalan: awkwardness




janggus
a type of tree bearing edible fruit




janggut
beard

berjanggut: bearded




jangka
(1) a meter (measuring device) (2) expect; anticipate (3) period of time

jangka angin: anemometer
jangkamasa: duration of time
jangka suhu: thermometer
jangkahayat: life expectancy
jangkaan: expectation; anticipation
menjangka: to expect; to anticipate
menjangkakan: to expect; to anticipate




jangkau
reach out with the hand

jangkauan: the reach of one's hand
menjangkau: to reach out
terjangkau: reached out




jangkit
infectious

berjangkit: infectious; infected
menjangkitkan: infectious; communicable (of disease)
jangkitan: infection
menjangkiti: to infect




jangkung
heron




janin
foetus




janji
promise

janji temu: appointment
berjanji: to promise
menjanjikan: to promise
perjanjian: agreement; contract




jantan
male

kejantanan: masculinity




jantina
gender; sex




jantung
heart

jantung hati: sweetheart




jarah
pillage; plunder; rob




jarak
distance

berjarak: to be at a distance
menjarakkan: to space out




jaram
a compress or pad to stop bleeding, etc




jarang
(1) seldom (2) transparent (of material) (3) thin (of hair)

jarang-jarang: rarely; seldom




jari
finger




jaring
net

penjaring: scorer (of goal)




jarum
needle

jarum peniti: pin




jasa
merit; service

jasa baik: good offices
berjasa: to fulfil one's duty




jasad
body




jasmani
physical

jasmaniah: physical




jata
blazon




jati
(1) pure; genuine (2) teakwood

sejati: real; true (of friends)




jatuh
fall

kejatuhan: a fall; a collapse
menjatuhkan: to cause to fall or drop
terjatuh: dropped or fell




jauh
far; distant

berjauhan: far apart
kejauhan: afar
menjauhi: to stay away from; to shun
sejauh: as far as




jauhari
jeweller; expert




jawa
tamarind

asam jawa: tamarind




jawab
answer; reply; respond

jawapan: an answer
berjawab: answered
menjawab: to answer; to reply




jawat
colleague

sejawat: colleague
jawatan: post; appointment; job
jawatankuasa: committee
berjawatan: holding a post
menjawat: to hold a post
perjawatan: post; job




Jawi
Arabic characters




jaya
successful

jayanya: successfully
berjaya: to succeed; successful
kejayaan: success
menjayakan: to make successful




jebak
snare; trap

menjebak: to trap
terjebak: trapped




jeda
interval




jegil
stare with bulging eyes

menjegilkan: to stare in horror or astonishment




jejak
footstep; trail; track

menjejak: to trail
menjejaki: to trail




jejaka
bachelor; young man




jejambat
flyover




jejantas
flyover




jejari
radius




jejas
affect

menjejaskan: to affect; to act upon in an adverse manner
terjejas: affected; acted upon in an adverse manner




jela
trail

berjela: to trail
berjela-jela: to trail




jelaga
soot




jelah
legible




jelajah
explore

menjelajah: to explore
menjelajahi: to explore
penjelajah: explorer
penjelajahan: exploration




jelak
fed up; bored




jelang
eve of




jelapang
granary; rice bowl




jelas
clear; well-defined; evident; obvious

menjelaskan: to explain; to clarify; to settle
penjelasan: explanation; clarification




jelata
commoner; ordinary people




jelatang
nettle




jelik
ugly; bad; repulsive




jeling
ogle flirtatiously

jelingan: a glance through the corner of the eye
menjeling: to ogle flirtatiously; to look through the corner of the eye




jelir
stick out (tongue)

menjelir: to stick out (tongue)
menjelirkan: to stick out (tongue)




jelita
pretty; beautiful

jelitawan: beautiful girl
kejelitaan: beauty




jelma
incarnate; materialise

menjelma: to incarnate; to materialise
jelmaan: metamorphic; incarnation
menjelmakan: to create
penjelmaan: incarnation; materialisation; metamorphosis




jeluas
gory; bloody




jelujur
baste; temporary stitches




jemaah
pilgrim; assembly; congregation




jemala
chump; block




jembalang
gnome




jempul
superfine




jemput
invite

menjemput: to invite
jemputan: invitation
sejemput: a pinch of




jemput-jemput
dumpling made from mixture of flour and bananas




jemu
bored; weary

menjemukan: to bore




jemur
sunbathe; bask

berjemur: to sunbathe; to bask
jemuran: clothes hung out to dry
menjemur: to dry in the sun




jenak
moment

sejenak: a moment




jenaka
banter; joke

berjenaka: to joke




jenama
brand; trade mark

berjenama: branded




jenang
window or door frame; jamb




jenayah
crime

penjenayah: criminal




jenazah
corpse




jendela
window




jengah
peep; glance

menjengah: to peep; to glance




jengkal
span between the tips of stretched thumb and little finger

sejengkal: a span between the tips of stretched thumb and little finger




jengkau
reach out

menjengkau: to reach out




jengkel
annoyed; irritated

menjengkelkan: to annoy; to irritate




jengket
tiptoe

berjengket: to tiptoe
menjengket: to tiptoe




jenguk
look with head thrust forward

menjenguk: to look with head thrust forward
menjengukkan: to thrust head forward




jenggul
protrude

menjenggulkan: to protrude




jenis
type; sort; kind

berjenis-jenis: of many types; a variety
penjenisan: classification
sejenis: of one type; a type of




jentera
machinery; machine




jentik
(1) snap or flick with finger (2) larva

menjentik: to snap or flick with finger
jentik-jentik: larva
jentikan: fillip




jentolak
bulldozer




jenuh
satisfied; full




jera
discourage; dishearten; dissuade




jeram
rapids




jerami
hay; straw




jeran
discourage




jerang
boil

menjerang: to boil
menjerangkan: to boil




jerangkap
booby trap




jerangkung
human skeleton




jerat
a snare or trap

menjerat: to snare or trap




jerawat
pimple




jerebu
haze




jerekit
cohere




jerembat
fall headlong

terjerembat: to fall headlong




jerempak
meet by chance

terjerempak: to meet by chance




jerih
tired




jeriji
a grate




jering
a type of tree and its malodorous fruit




jerit
scream

menjerit: to scream
terjerit-jerit: screaming
jeritan: act of screaming




jerjak
trellis; lattice




jerkah
snarl; yell

menjerkah: to snarl




jernih
clear; transparent; pure

kejernihan: clarity; purity
menjernihkan: to make clear; to purify




jeruk
pickle




jerumat
to darn




jerumus
cause to fall

menjerumuskan: to cause to fall
terjerumus: to fall forward




jerung
shark




jerut
constrict; tighten a knot; strangle with rope

menjerut: to constrict; to tighten a knot; to strangle with rope




jidal
thimble




jihad
holy war




jidar
margin; border; edge




jijik
distasteful; disgusting

menjijikkan: revolting; loathsome; to cause disgust




jika
if




jikalau
if




jilat
lick; lap

menjilat: to lick; to lap




jilid
binding; volume (of printed material)

menjilid: to bind (printed material)
penjilidan: binding (of printed material)




jimak
copulation




jimat
thrift

berjimat:thrifty; prudent
menjimatkan: to save




jin
spirit




jinak
tame; domesticated

berjinak-jinak: to familiarise with
kejinakan: tameness
menjinakkan: to tame; to domesticate




jingga
orange (colour)




jinjang
long and slender (of neck)




jinjing
carry light objects in the hand

menjinjing: to carry light objects in the hand




jintan
herb with spicy seeds

jintan manis: aniseed
jintan putih: cummin




jiplak
copy or trace




jiran
neighbour

berjiran: to have as a neighbour; neighbouring; neighbourly
kejiranan: neighbourhood




jirat
non-Muslim grave




jirus
douse; pour water on

menjirus: to douse; to pour water on




jisim
body; mass




jitu
correct; accurate; exact

kejituan: accuracy
menjitukan: to correct




jiwa
soul; spirit

berjiwa: to be alive: to have the spirit
menjiwai: to put more life or spirit into; to enliven




jodoh
marriage partner or match

berjodoh: to take as a spouse
menjodohkan: to marry off




joget
a Malay dance

berjoget: to dance the joget




johan
champion

kejohanan: championship




jolok
poke or thrust

menjolok: to poke; to thrust
menjolok mata: shameful; unsightly




jong
junk (sailing ship)




jongang
protruding (of teeth)




jongkang-jongket
see-saw




jongkok
cringe;cower




jongkong
(1) ingot; bullion (2) large dug-out canoe




joran
fishing rod




joreng
a small piece or shred




jorong
(1) betel leaf container (2) funnel




jua
also




juadah
comestibles; things to eat




juak
court page




jual
sell

berjual: to sell
berjual beli: to trade
menjual: to sell
penjual: seller
jualan: sale




juang
fight; struggle

berjuang: to fight; to struggle
memperjuangkan: to fight for
pejuang: fighter
perjuangan: a fight; a struggle; war
seperjuangan: a common fight or struggle




juara
champion

kejuaraan: championship
menjuarai: to become the champion




jubah
robe; chasuble




jubin
tile




judi
gamble

berjudi: to gamble
memperjudikan: to gamble
penjudi: gambler
perjudian: gamble




judul
title; subject

berjudul: having a title




juga
also; too




juita
lovely; sweet




jujuh
trickle

berjujuh: to trickle




jujur
honest; trustworthy

kejujuran: honesty




Julai
July




julang
boost; push upwards; soar

menjulang: to boost; to push upwards; to soar
julangan: upward thrust




julap
laxative




juling
squint




julukan
nickname; pet name; epithet




julung
primary; the first

julung kali: the first time




julur
protrude

menjulur: to protrude
menjulurkan: to cause to protrude




Jumaat
Friday




jumbai
frill




jumlah
total

berjumlah: having a total of
menjumlahkan: to total up
sejumlah: a total of; a sum of




jumpa
(1) meet (2) find ; discover

berjumpa: to meet
jumpaan: a finding; a discovery
menjumpai: to meet; to find; to discover
perjumpaan: meeting
terjumpa: found




Jun
June




junam
dive; nosedive

menjunam: to dive; to nosedive
terjunam: plunged head first




junjung
(1) respect deeply (2) carry on the head

menjunjung: (1) to respect deeply (2) to carry on the head




juntai
dangling; pendulous

berjuntai: dangling; pendulous




jurang
ravine; gap

jurang generasi: generation gap




juru
expert




juruacara
master of ceremonies; compere




juruaudit
auditor




juruazan
muezzin




jurubahasa
interpreter




jurubina
architect




jurucakap
spokesman




jurugambar
photographer




juruhebah
announcer




jurukamera
cameraman




jurukira
accountant




jurulatih
coach; trainer




jurumasak
chef




jurumudi
helmsman




juruoptik
optician




jururawat
nurse




jurusawat
mechanic




juruselam
diver




jurusolek
beautician




jurutaip
typist




juruteknik
technician




jurutera
engineer

kejuruteraan: engineering




juruterbang
air pilot




jurutrengkas
stenographer




juruukur
surveyor



juruulas
commentator




juruwang
cashier




jurus
moment

sejurus: a moment
jurusan: department; direction; stream
menjurus: in the direction of




justeru
hence; for this reason




juta
million

jutawan: millionaire
berjuta-juta: millios of





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