Dr Bhanot's Malay-English Cyber-Dictionary
Please scroll down the page or use your browser's "Find" button to locate your word
G


gabung
join together; unite; combine

gabungan: affiliation; combination; merger
bergabung: to affiliate; united
menggabungkan: to affiliate; to combine




gabus
cork




gada
club used for fighting




gada-gada
pennant




gadai
pawn; mortgage

gadaian: a pledge
bergadai: to mortgage; to pawn
menggadaikan: to mortgage; to pawn
menggadaikan nyawa: to sacrifice one's life
tergadai: mortgaged; pawned




gadang
(1)colossal; immense (2)large round tray used for winnowing




gading
ivory; tusk




gadis
girl; virgin

kegadisan: virginity; purity




gado-gado
(1) a Malay dish made from vegetables (2) mixed up; disorderly




gaduh
(1) quarrel (2) noise; uproar

bergaduh: to quarrel
pergaduhan: a quarrel




gagah
gallant; brave; strong; mighty

kegagahan: strength; might; bravery
menggagahi: to force; to compel; to conquer




gagak
crow




gagal
failed; unsuccessful

kegagalan: failure
menggagalkan: to fail (another person)




gagang
handle; cradle (of telephone); stem




gagap
stammer; stutter

tergagap: stammering




gagas
to have an idea

gagasan: idea; plan




gagau
grope

menggagau: to grope




gahara
of royal descent




gaharu
sandalwood




gait
hook; connection

gaitan: hook; connection
penggait: hook; connection




gajah
elephant




gaji
salary; wages

bergaji: salaried
menggaji: to employ




gajus
cashew nut




gak
caw (e.g. of a rook)




gala
a type of resin




galah
pole

bergalah: using a pole
sepenggalah: a pole's length




galak
encourage

galakan: encouragement
menggalakkan: to encourage
penggalak: one who encourages




galang
obstruct




galas
carry on the back

menggalas: to carry on a pole over the shoulder; to vend




gali
dig

menggali: to dig
galian: mineral
penggalian: act of digging; excavation




galur
furrow; groove

manggalurkan: to explain




gamak
estimate

menggamak: to estimate
tergamak: willing; able




gamam
nervous; stunned

tergamam: nervous; stunned




gamang
suffering from acrophobia (fear of heights)




gamat
noisy; unruly; chaotic




gambang
xylophone




gambar
picture; photograph; drawing; illustration

gambar rajah: diagram
gambaran: impression
bergambar: illustrated; to be photographed
menggambarkan: to illustrate; to depict; to imagine
tergambar: depicted; reflected




gambus
an Arab musical instrument with six strings




gambut
peat; soft and loose (of soil)




gamelan
Javanese orchestra




gamit
beckon

menggamit: to beckon




gampang
easy




ganas
ferocious; fierce; savage; violent

keganasan: savagery; ferocity; violence
mengganas: to terrorise; to rampage
pengganas: terrorist




gancu
long hooked stick




ganda
double

berganda: doubled
berganda-ganda: many times more
menggandakan: to double
gandaan: multiple of a number




gandar
axle

menggandar: to carry




gandik
(1) gold ornament on bride's forehead (2) decoration on hilt of kris




gandin
mallet




ganding
alongside; close beside

berganding: alongside
bergandingan: alongside
gandingan: coupling
menggandingkan: to place beside




gandum
wheat




gandung
bamboo or wooden outrigger on the sides of a Malay boat

menggandung: to load things onto a boat using bamboo or wooden outriggers




ganggang
dry over a fire




ganggu
to bother; to trouble; to disturb; to disrupt

mengganggu: to bother; to trouble; to disturb; to disrupt
gangguan: disturbance; disruption; inconvenience; interference
mengganggu-gugat: to bother; to disturb
terganggu: disturbed; mentally or emotionally unstable




gangsa
bronze




ganja
cannabis; hemp




ganjak
move or budge slightly

berganjak: to move or budge slightly
menganjak: to shift




ganjal
base; stand; wedge




ganjar
reward; gratuity

ganjaran: reward; gratuity
mengganjarkan: to reward




ganjil
odd; queer; strange




gantang
a cubic measure




ganti
substitute

berganti: in substitution for
berganti-ganti: taking turns
mengganti: to replace; to compensate
menggantikan: to replace; to substitute
pengganti: replacement
gantirugi: indemnity; compensation




gantung
hang or suspend

bergantung: to depend on
bergantungan: hanging in great numbers
menggantung: to hang; to suspend
menggantungkan: to hang up
pergantungan: dependence; support
tergantung: hanging




ganyar
tough (not tender)




ganyang
chew up; devour; destroy

mengganyang: to chew up; to devour; to destroy




gapah
hurriedly; hastily




gapai
stretch out the hand

menggapai: to reach for; to clutch at




gapura
arch




garam
salt

menggarami: to add salt




garang
fierce

menggarang: to rage




garau
hoarse (of voice)




gari
handcuffs




garing
crisp




garis
line

menggaris: to draw a line
menggariskan: to draw a line
penggaris: ruler
garisan: line




garit
line; scratch

menggarit: to scratch; to move; to stir




garpu
fork




garu
(1)a rake (2)scratch

menggaru: to scratch
tergaru-garu: scratching repeatedly




garuk
hoarse, deep or husky (of voice)




gasak
(1) strike (2) eat gluttonously

menggasak: to strike; to eat gluttonously




gasal
odd




gasang
lecherous person




gasar
fierce and rough




gasing
a top




gatal
(1) itchy (2) lewd (of person)

gatal-gatal: itching all over




gaul
mix (in society); associate

bergaul: to be together in a friendly way
menggaul: to mix; to blend
menggauli: to associate with; to mingle with
pergaulan: mingling (in society); association (with other people)




gaung
(1) deep ravine (2) echo

bergaung: to echo




gawal
confused; mistaken




gawang
waving with both arms




gaya
style; manner

gaya hidup: lifestyle
bergaya: having style; stylish
menggayakan: to show; to parade




gayat
feeling dizzy looking down from a high place




gayung
water dipper




gayut
hang

bergayut: to hang
bergayutan: to hang in large numbers
menggayutkan: to hang




gebar
blanket




gebu
soft; delicate in texture; fluffy




gecar
(1) saliva (2) watery




gedabir
dewlap




gedang
huge; massive




gedempol
fat




gedempong
very fat




gedoboh
big and loose




gedung
storehouse; office; large building




gegabah
wildly impulsive (person)




gegak
noisy

gegak-gempita: noisy; clamorous




gegancu
sprocket




gegap
noisy




gegar
jarring; jolting; shaking

gegaran: jarring movement
bergegar: to shake; to rumble
menggegarkan: to shake




gegas
hurry

bergegas-gegas: to hurry




gegat
worm that lives in books




gegua
cavern




gejala
symptom or sign




gejolak
big flame

bergejolak: to flare up




gelabir
dewlap; wattle




geladak
(1) deck of ship (2) stray dog (3) crook; criminal




gelagat
indication; habits




gelak
laugh

gelak ketawa: laughter
tergelak: laugh unintentionally




gelambir
dewlap




gelang
bangle

gelang-gelang: ring-shaped objects
pergelangan tangan: wrist




gelanggang
arena; court




gelangsar
slide; glide; slip




gelap
dark; secret

gelap hati: sinister
gelap pekat: dark
gelap-gelita: pitch dark
kegelapan: darkness; caught in the dark
menggelapkan: to embezzle




gelar
nickname

gelaran: alias; title
bergelar: titled




gelatuk
tremble




gelebar
flapping




gelebat
double blade paddle




gelecah
slip




gelecek
slip; lose one's balance




geledah
search; ransack

menggeledah: to search; to ransack




geledak
cur




geledang
stretch out both arms




geleding
warp




gelegak
boil; seethe

menggelegak: to boil; to seethe




gelegar
girder




gelegata
a skin condition; urticaria




gelek
(1) a kind of dance (2) roll over

menggelek: to roll over




gelekak
peel off




gelekek
chuckle




gelema
phlegm




geleman
scared; afraid




gelembung
bubble

gelembung-gelembungan: bubbles




gelempang
sprawling

bergelempang: sprawling




gelendong
spindle




geleng
shake the head

menggeleng: to shake
menggelengkan: to shake




gelentang
roll over and over




gelepai
dangling




gelepar
flounder; flutter

menggelepar: to flounder; to flutter




gelepik
dangling; hanging down limply




gelepur
leaping up flapping its wings




gelesek
rub




geleser
flap the wings; start turning (of wheels)




geletar
tremble; shiver

menggeletar: to tremble; to shiver




geletek
tickle; incite

menggeletek: to tickle




geletuk
making a sound like the teeth chattering




geli
amused; ticklish

geli-geman: tickled
geli hati: amused; tickled
kegelian: amusement
menggelikan: to amuse; to tickle
penggeli: one who is ticklish




geliang-geliut
wriggling




geliat
stretch oneself

menggeliat: to stretch oneself
tergeliat: sprained




geliga
(1) sharp-witted; ingenious (2) bezoar

bergeliga: sharp-witted; ingenious




gelimpang
sprawl

bergelimpangan: to sprawl
tergelimpang: sprawled




gelimun
covered (with blanket)




gelincat
sprained; rebound




gelincir
derail; slip; skid

menggelincir: to slip; to skid
tergelincir: slipped; skidded




gelincuh
stumble




gelinjang
jump about

menggelinjang: to jump about




gelintar
search all over




gelintir
pellet; pill

segelintir: a small part; a small group




gelisah
nervous; restless; anxious; jumpy

kegelisahan: restlessness; anxiety
menggelisah: to worry; to be anxious




gelobor
too long or baggy (for clothes)




gelodak
arouse




gelodar
struggle




gelojak
big flame




gelojoh
greedy




gelombang
wave

bergelombang: in waves




gelongsor
slide

menggelongsor: to slide




gelora
storm; great wave

bergelora: to rise or move like waves; stormy
menggelorakan: to inflame; to arouse emotionally




gelosok
rub

menggelosok: to rub




gelugut
shiver; chatter (of teeth)




geluh
loam; rich soil




gelulur
slide down




gelumang
dirty

bergelumang: dirty




geluncur
slip or slide down

menggeluncur: to slip or slide down




gelung
bight; loop of rope; coil; knot of hair

bergelung: coiled up
menggelungkan: to coil




gelupas
peel

menggelupas: to peel




gelupur
flutter

menggelupur: to flutter




gelut
struggle; wrestle

bergelut: to struggle to get free
pergelutan: struggle; scuffle




gema
echo

bergema: to resound
menggema: to resound




gemal
a handful; a bunch




gemala
bezoar stone




gemalai
swaying




gemam
to hold (sweet) in mouth




gemap
shocked




gemar
have a liking; desire

kegemaran: hobby; favourite
menggemari: to like very much
penggemar: lover; fan; devotee; interested person




gemawan
fleeting of clouds




gembala
shepherd

penggembala: herdsman




gembereng
cymbal




gembira
happy; pleased; cheerful

bergembira: to rejoice
menggembirakan: to cheer someone up




gembar-gembur
mere talk; bragging; pandemonium

menggembar-gemburkan: to create an uproar




gembleng
unite

menggembleng tenaga: to unite
penggemblengan: unification




gembung
swollen




gembur
loose

menggemburkan: to loosen




gementar
tremble




gemercik
splattering sound




gemerencang
loud clash (e.g. of cymbals)




gemerlap
iridescent; shining; glittering; shimmering

bergemerlapan: to glitter
gemerlapan: shining; glittering




gemilang
glorious; magnificient; brilliant

kegemilangan: splendour; magnificance; glory




gempa
tremor; earthquake




gempal
sturdy; chubby; plump




gempar
pandemonium; uproar

menggemparkan: to shock
tergempar: urgent




gempita
noisy




gempur
attack in a blitz

menggempur: to attack; to storm
penggempur: destroyer; assault troops
penggempuran: an attack; an assault




gemuk
fat

menggemukkan: to fatten up




gemuruh
thunder

bergemuruh: to thunder; thunderous




genahar
crater




genang
suffuse

bergenang: stagnant; filled with tears




genap
complete; even

menggenapkan: to round up a figure
segenap: all




gencat
cease; stop; discontinue

gencatan senjata: ceasefire




gendala
obstacle; disruption

menggendalakan: to disrupt; to interrupt
tergendala: disrupted; interrupted




gendak
mistress




gendang
drum




genderang
big drum




genggam
grasp in the fist

genggaman: a grasp
menggenggam: to grasp in the fist
menggenggam erat: to grasp firmly
segenggam: a fistful; a handful




genggang
apart




genit
cute and petite




genjang
(1 )parallelogram (2) askew; awry




genjot
askew; awry




genjur
stiff




genta
large bell




gentar
(1) vibration (2) afraid

menggentar: to quiver
menggentarkan: to cause to vibrate




gentas
(1) severed (2) end or finish




gentat
dented




gentel
pellet

menggentel: to roll in the fingertips




gentian
fibre




genting
(1) crucial; decisive (2) pass or gap in mountains (3) roof tile

genting bukit: mountain pass
kegentingan: crucial




genyeh
rub

menggenyeh: to rub




gepok
bundle




gepuh
padlock




gera
alarm; scare; frighten

menggera: to scare; to frighten; to alarm; to give a warning signal
penggera: one who causes a fright; an alarm
penggera kebakaran: fire alarm




gerabak
railway coach




geragai
hook for catching crocodiles




geragas
comb one's hair in anger




geragau
a small shrimp




geraham
molar




gerai
stall




gerak
move

gerak hati: intuition
gerak laku: behaviour
gerak-geri: movements
gerakan: action; movement
bergerak: to move
menggerakkan: to cause to move
penggerak: motivator
tergerak: shifted; moved suddenly




geram
angry

menggeram: to growl




gerangan
perhaps




gerantang
din of voices; outburst of noise




gerat
causing teeth to chatter




gerbang
gateway




gerecak
sound like water boiling




gereja
church




gerek
perforated




gerenyam
lustful




gergaji
saw

menggergaji: to saw




gergasi
giant




gerhana
eclipse




geriak
swarm




gericau
screeching sound




geridip
glitter; sparkle




gerigi
serrated




gerigis
unevenly serrated




gerimis
drizzle




gerimit
a drill




gering
sick (for king)




gerinjam
(1) grindstone for teeth (2) ear scoop




gerlap
sparkle

menggerlap: to sparkle; to glitter




gerlip
twinkle

menggerlip: to twinkle; to flicker




germut
swarm




gerenyut
squirm; throb




gerobak
coach or cart




gerobok
cupboard




gerodak
rattling sound




geromboi
group together

bergeromboi: to group together
geromboian: group or gang




gerombong
group or party




geronggang
hollow




geronyot
throbbing




gersang
dry; uninteresting; dull




gertak
threat

gertakan: intimidation; threat
menggertak: to threaten




gerudi
a drill

menggerudi: to drill
penggerudian: act of drilling




gerugut
grooved




geruh
misfortune




geruk
to wrap




gerun
frightened; terrified

menggerunkan: to terrify; terrifying




gerutu
rough to the touch

menggerutu: rough to the touch




gesa
hurry

tergesa-gesa: hurried
gesaan: urge
menggesa: to hasten; to urge




gesek
grate or scrape

bergesek: to grate; to scrape
gesekan: a fiddle
menggesek: to play the violin




gesel
rub

bergesel: to rub each other
geselan: a rub
menggeselkan: to rub
tergesel: rubbed against




geser
rub; shift

bergeser: to rub; to shift
geseran: friction




getah
rubber

bergetah: sticky; having latex




getap
grit

menggetap: to grit




getar
tremble; vibrate

getaran: vibration
bergetar: to tremble; quivering
menggetarkan: to cause to vibrate




getas
brittle; sensitive




getil
pinch

menggetil: to pinch




getir
bitter




ghaib
disappear; vanish; mysterious

mengghaibkan: to cause to vanish




ghairah
strong desire or passion

keghairahan: strong passion, desire or enthusiasm
mengghairahkan: to arouse passion or desire




ghalib
usual




giat
energetic; active

bergiat: working eagerly
kegiatan: activity
menggiatkan: to activate; to inspire; to encourage
mempergiatkan: to activate; to inspire; to encourage




gigi
tooth

gigi air: edge of water meeting land
gigi kacip: incisor
gigi rongak: gap between teeth
bergigi: toothed




gigih
determined; obstinate

kegigihan: determination




gigil
tremble or shiver

menggigil: to tremble; to shiver




gigit
bite

gigitan: act of biting; a bite
menggigit: to bite
tergigit: bitten accidentally




gila
mad; insane

gila angau: infatuated
gila bayang: crazy about someone
gila pangkat: crazy for power
kegilaan: craziness; craze
menggila: act like a mad person; infatuated with or crazy over someone
tergila-gila: mad; crazy
tergila-gilakan: driven crazy by someone or something




gilang-gemilang
bright; glittering




gilap
shine brilliantly

menggilap: to polish




gilas
crush; run over




giling
grind; roll

menggiling: to grind; to roll




gilir
take turns

bergilir: to take turns
giliran: a turn
bergilir-gilir: to take turns




gilis
run over by a train




gincu
lipstick

bergincu: wearing lipstick
menggincu: to apply lipstick




ginjal
kidney




girang
glad; cheerful

kegirangan: happiness; joy
menggirangkan: to cheer up someone




giring
to herd




glur
voluptuous




gobek
tool for crushing betel leaf, areca nut, etc

mengobek: to grind or pound areca nut




gocoh
haste; hurry

tergocoh-gocoh: hastily; hurriedly




goda
temptation

godaan: temptation; lure; enticement
menggoda: to tempt; to lure; enticing
penggoda: seducer
tergoda: seduced; enticed




godam
large mace




godok
base of skull




gogok
a gulp




golak
disturbed or confused

bergolak: to boil; disturbed or confused
pergolakan: disturbance; agitation; turbulence




golek
roll

bergolek: to roll




golok
machete




golong
classify

menggolongkan: to classify
golongan: group
tergolong: relevant




gomol
wrestle

bergomol: to wrestle
menggomol: to hug or embrace tightly




goncang
shake

bergoncang: to shake
menggoncangkan: to shake something




gondok
(1)short and fat (2)goitre




gondol
(1)bald; leafless (2)carry off; win

bergondol: bald; leafless
menggondol: to carry off; to win; to gain




gonggong
carry in the mouth

menggonggong: to carry in the mouth




gonyeh
munch




gonyoh
scrub

menggonyoh: to scrub




gopoh-gapah
hastily

tergopoh-gapah: in a hurry




goreng
fry; fried

menggoreng: to fry




gores
scratch

goresan: scratches
bergores: scratched
menggores: to scratch
menggoreskan: to scratch something
tergores: scratched




gosok
brush; rub; polish

gosokan: something that has been ironed
menggosok: to brush; to rub; to polish
menggosokkan: to rub something
penggosok: a cleaner; an iron; a brush




gotong-royong
cooperation

bergotong-royong: to cooperate




goyah
loose (not firm)




goyang
unsteady; shaky

bergoyang: to shake; to sway
menggoyangkan: to rock or jerk lightly




gua
cave




guam
disagree; dispute




guam
disagree; conflict; dispute

guaman: disagreement; conflict; quarrel
perguaman: disagreement; conflict; quarrel
peguam: lawyer
Peguam Negara: Attorney-General




gubah
arrange; compose

menggubah: to arrange; to compose
gubahan: (1) composition (2) garland
penggubah: composer




gubal
draft (legislation)

menggubal: to draft (legislation)
penggubal: legislator
penggubalan: act of drafting; legislation




gubuk
hut




gudang
godown; warehouse




gugat
accuse; claim; criticise

menggugat: to accuse; to claim; to criticise
tergugat: threatened; jeopardised; to be at stake




gugup
panicky

kegugupan: state of panic




gugur
drop; miscarry; abort

berguguran: dropping in large numbers
keguguran: miscarriage; abortion
menggugurkan: to abort; to drop




gugus
bundle or bunch

segugus: a bundle or bunch of
gugusan: group




gula
sugar

gula-gula: sweets




gulai
curry




guli
marble




guling
roll

berguling: to roll
bergulingan: rolling over and over
menggulingkan: to roll something; to topple; to overthrow
terguling: overthrown; toppled




gulung
roll

gulungan: a roll
bergulung: rolled up; rolling; winding
menggulung: to roll
menggulung perbahasan: to conclude the debate
menggulung ucapan: to conclude the speech




gumpal
clod; lump

gumpalan: a clod; a lump of; conglomeration
bergumpal: lumpy
bergumpal-gumpal: in clods or lumps; in clots




guna
use; purpose

guna tenaga: employment
guna-guna: charms
berguna: useful
kegunaan: use; function
menggunakan: to use; to consume
pengguna: consumer; user




gundah
depressed




gundik
concubine




guni
jute bag or sack




gunting
scissors; shears

menggunting: to cut with scissors or shears
mengguntingkan: to cut something




guntur
thunder




gunung
mountain

gunung berapi: volcano
gunung-ganang: mountains
menggunung: to soar like a mountain
pergunungan: highlands; mountainous




gurau
joke

gurauan: the butt of a joke
bergurau: to joke




gurindam
a proverbial verse




guru
teacher

berguru: having a teacher
perguruan: institute; education




guruh
thunder

guruh-gemuruh: thunderous




gurun
desert




gus
simultaneously

sekaligus: simultaneously




gusar
angry; worried

menggusarkan: to anger; to cause worry




gusi
gum (dental)




gusti
wrestle

bergusti: to wrestle





© 1996-